Baldness is known as a problem that disturbs to some extent almost every male. When reaching a particular age many of the men find out that their hair is no longer thick and bushy as it used to be. And now the scientists from Japan seem to discover a convenient and easy way to fight this unpleasant condition.
Recently research institutions have been involved into research in the field of artificial stem cell. For the first time ever this September a group of scientists from the RIKEN Institute and Hospital at the Center for Advanced Medicine in Kobe city led by the project manager Masayo Takahashi carried out a surgery to transplant retinal cells that were grown out of artificial multipurpose stem cells (induced pluripotent stem cells – iPS). For the operation, 70-year-old female patient with age-related diseases of the retina – macular degeneration – took skin cells from which artificial iPS stem cells are grown. Then retinal pigment epithelial cells of the retina, which were transplanted during the operation, were grown out of them. The operation drew a wide response in business circles, as a result of which the cells cultivation center based on one of the Japan’s largest cosmetics companies establishing was planned.
Center for processing and cultivation of stem cells is going to be created in the Kobe city and in four years it will be able to take patients. From fragments of skin of about 5 millimeters, taken from the back of the patient’s head, scientists will create the cells responsible for hair growth. Then these cells will be transplanted to a patient. According to the information of NHK broadcasting company, scientists hope that they will discover remedy against baldness, which will be completely new and radical.
In 2006, Professor Shinya Yamanaka of Kyoto University has received stem cells from normal human skin cells for the first time ever. The cells are called induced pluripotent (multifunctional) stem cells-iPS. In 2012, Yamanaka was awarded with the Nobel Prize. During the eight years after the discovering of iPS-cell scientists have learned to grow them from cells of the heart muscle, intestine, pancreas, retina, blood, skin, nerve cells, a female ovum and sperm cells.
So, people who have lost their hair due to age reasons or in course of some diseases have received a hope to recover their bushy thatch.