Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes that afflicts men. It affects over 90 percent of the 13 million men who suffer from diabetes.
People with type 2 diabetes, unlike those with type 1 diabetes, produce insulin. The only problem is that this insulin is not nearly enough or it is unrecognizable to the body, hence cannot be properly utilized. This condition is called insulin resistance. When a man has insulin resistance, his body is unable to use the glucose as fuel as it cannot be gotten into the cells. Glucose hence builds up in the patient’s blood rather than going into the cells. This results in poor functioning of the cells. There are several other issues that can result from a building up of glucose in the blood.
Dehydration is one of the problems that a build up of glucose in the blood can cause. This is because when sugar is concentrated in the blood thusly, the need to urinate increases so as to expel the sugar from the body. A large amount of water is lost through this frequent urination, and hence the body is dehydrated.
Severe dehydration and a failure to properly and frequently rehydrate can lead to the development of hyperosmolar nonketotic diabetic coma. This is a potentially fatal condition that a man with diabetes must look to avoid at all costs.
Excessive glucose in the body can cause all sorts of damage to the body. The blood vessels and nerves in the kidneys, eyes and heart can result from this. A person can also be susceptible to atherosclerosis, which can lead to stroke and heart attack.
Type 2 diabetes can affect any man (or woman, for that matter). If you are overweight or obese, though, you stand a greater chance of developing the condition. You are also at risk if you are of a family that has a history of diabetes or metabolic syndrome. Older men (and women) can also develop the disease. They are more likely to get it than are their younger counterparts. This is because the older you get, the less tolerant your body can be to sugars.
Type 2 diabetes is not quite as understood as type 1 diabetes. This is regardless of the fact that it is the more common type of diabetes. There are a number of issues that could trigger type 2 diabetes, it is thought; not one particular thing. Even its inheritance is yet to be fully understood.